By Kim Eun-young and Hahm Hee-eun
Driverless buses will be operated in the Digital Media City (DMC) area of Sangam-dong as early as late 2019 as part of a pilot project for self-driving vehicles. The Seoul Metropolitan City government plans to establish the world’s first 5G driverless vehicle network and to use next-generation tech to support autonomous buses.
On May 13, the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport announced that it would build a "cooperative intelligent transportation system" (C-ITS) in downtown Seoul in cooperation with the Seoul Metropolitan Government.
The DMC area in Sangam-dong has a wide range of road types, including tunnels and roundabouts, which makes it an ideal test area for autonomous driving. The test area is also equipped with a high-speed 5G mobile communications network that can greatly reduce traffic accidents by sending large amounts of information in less than 0.1 seconds.
Moreover, a wireless LAN-based vehicle communications technology created by the American Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, or "WAVE," and the "Cellular-V2X Network," which is being rapidly commercialized worldwide by global telecommunications standards-development organizations, are both in the process of building vehicle networks.
Various kinds of information about traffic situations and dangers can be provided in real-time from the infrastructure itself and from other automobiles, enabling safer autonomous driving.
After the tests, the Seoul Metropolitan City plans to commercialize its self-driving bus system in select regions where public transportation is insufficient.
An official from the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport said, "Once the conditions for autonomous cooperative driving have been established in the city center of Seoul, autonomous navigation technology will be able to make a leap forward."